What Is The Relationship Between Job Stress and Work fatigue Among Construction Workers? A Cross-Sectional Study


  • Rika Yulianti Fitri Universitas Ahmad Dahlam
  • Tri Budiyanto Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
Keywords: Kelelahan Kerja, Stres Kerja, Pekerja Konstruksi


Job fatigue is the leading cause of job-related accidents and illnesses among construction worker who operate in physically and psychologically demanding situations. Job stress is one of the elements that contribute to job fatigue. Job stress and work fatigue-related emotional symptoms significantly influence worker job satisfaction. This study aimed to discover the link between job stress and fatigue in construction worker. A cross-sectional study design was employed for the research, with 30 participants drawn using the total sampling methodology. This type of primary data was gathered by distributing questionnaires in April 2023. Work stress was evaluated using the Work Stress Diagnostic Survey questionnaire in line with Permenaker No. 5 of 2018, while work Fatigue   was measured using the IFRC's Subjective Self Rating Stress questionnaire. The frequency distribution test was used to examine data univariately, while the Chi-Square test was used to analyze data bivariately. The findings revealed that the majority of respondents (63.3%) had a low level of fatigue, with the variables related to work fatigue  being quantitative overload (p=0.009) because workers need to carry out measurements and mark exact locations, and project managers need to calculate the estimated time for various stages of work, and career development with (p=0.047) because the construction sector has a rigid structure, where promotion is seen as a result of education and work experience There is no correlation between job fatigue and role ambiguity, role conflict, qualitative overload, and obligation to others. It was shown that quantitative overload and professional advancement are linked to fatigue  in construction workers.



Download data is not yet available.


Wahyu Adi TJ, Ayu Ratnawinanda L. Construction Worker Fatigue Prediction Model Based on System Dynamic. MATEC Web Conf. 2017;138.

Seong S, Park S, Ahn YH, Kim H. Development of an integrated fatigue measurement system for construction workers: a feasibility study. BMC Public Health [Internet]. 2022;22(1):1–13. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-022-13973-5

Harvard Business Review Press. HBR Guide to Beating Burnout. Boston: Harvard Business School Publishing; 2021. 1–233 p.

World Health Organization. International Classification of Diseases 11th Revision [Internet]. World Health Organization. 2023 [cited 2023 Apr 2]. Available from: https://icd.who.int/browse11/l-m/en

Rachmawati D, Paskarini I. Correlation between Individual Characteristics and Rest Break with Work-related Fatigue on Telecommunication Network Service Workers. Indones J Occup Saf Heal. 2021;10(1):25–33.

World Health Organization. WHO/ILO: Almost 2 million people die from work-related causes each year [Internet]. World Health Organization. 2021 [cited 2023 Apr 4]. Available from: https://www.who.int/news/item/17-09-2021-who-ilo-almost-2-million-people-die-from-work-related-causes-each-year

International Labour Organization. World Statistic : The enormous burden of poor working conditions [Internet]. 2023 [cited 2023 Apr 4]. Available from: https://www.ilo.org/moscow/areas-of-work/occupational-safety-and-health/WCMS_249278/lang--en/index.htm

Biro Humas Kemnaker. Menaker: Pentingnya Sosialisasi K3 Inovatif dan Berbasis Digital di era Digitalisasi [Internet]. Biro Humas Kemnaker. 2022 [cited 2023 Apr 4]. Available from: https://kemnaker.go.id/news/detail/menaker-pentingnya-sosialisasi-k3-inovatif-dan-berbasis-digital-di-era-digitalisasi

Kementerian Ketenagakerjaan Republik Indonesia. Kasus kecelakaan kerja yang terjadi pada triwulan II tahun 2020 tercatat sekitar 3.174 kasus [Internet]. Satu Data Kemenaker. 2023 [cited 2023 Apr 5]. Available from: https://satudata.kemnaker.go.id/data/kumpulan-data/22

Hulls PM, de Vocht F, Martin RM, Langford RM. “We are our own worst enemy”: a qualitative exploration of work-related stress in the construction industry. Int J Work Heal Manag. 2022;15(5):609–22.

Permenaker. Peraturan Menteri Tenaga Kerja No. 03 Tahun 1998 Tentang Tatacara Pelaporan dan Pemeriksaan Kecelakaan. Menteri Tenaga Kerja [Internet]. 1998;03:33–73. Available from: https://jdih.kemnaker.go.id/data_wirata/1998-2-4.pdf

Lu Y, Liu Q, Yan H, Liu T. Effects of occupational hazards and occupational stress on job burn-out of factory workers and miners in Urumqi: a propensity score-matched cross-sectional study. BMJ Open. 2022;12(9).

Siregar SD, Samosir FJ, Hulu VT, Ivana Kumakauw BT, Ikhtiari R. A Quasi-Experimental Study of Young Coconut Water in Reducing Fatigue on Construction Workers. IOP Conf Ser Earth Environ Sci. 2022;1083(1):1–11.

Race MC. Mental Illness at Work. London: University College London; 2014. 1–23 p.

Karakaş A, Şahin Tezcan N. Conflict and Worker Performance: A Research Study on Hospitality Employees. Eur J Tour Res. 2019;21:102–18.

Ahmad SNA, Abdul Rasid SZ, Abdul Rasool MS, Mat Isa NA. Work Stress and its Impact on Employees’ Psychological Strain. Int J Acad Res Bus Soc Sci. 2021;11(8).

Wu G, Hu Z, Zheng J. Role stress, job burnout, and job performance in construction project managers: The moderating role of career calling. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019;16(13):1–20.

Saleem F, Malik MI, Qureshi SS. Work Stress Hampering Employee Performance During COVID-19: Is Safety Culture Needed? Front Psychol. 2021;12(August):1–13.

Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional. Kelompok Usia [Internet]. SEPAKAT WIKI. 2018 [cited 2023 Jun 10]. p. 1. Available from: https://sepakat.bappenas.go.id/wiki/Kelompok_Usia

Saito K. Measurement of fatigue in industries. Ind Health [Internet]. 1999;37(2):134–42. Available from: https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/indhealth1963/37/2/37_2_134/_pdf/-char/ja

Johnston DW, Allan JL, Powell DJH, Jones MC, Farquharson B, Bell C, et al. Why does work cause fatigue? A real-time investigation of fatigue, and determinants of fatigue in nurses working 12-hour shifts. Ann Behav Med. 2019;53(6):551–62.

Edú‐valsania S, Laguía A, Moriano JA. Burnout: A Review of Theory and Measurement. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022;19(3).

Zakaria H, Diyana Kamarudin, Faiz Azizul, Asma’ Durrah Mohd Feham, Ame Abdullah. Work-Related Stress: Contributing Factor of Employee Burnout in Malaysia’S Food and Beverage Industry. Int J Humanit Technol Civiliz. 2022;7(2):99–106.

Grala K. Relationships between perceived stress at work, occupational burnout and ego-resiliency in a group of public administration employees: testing the assumption about the moderating role of ego-resiliency (replication study in Poland). Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2023 Sep;29(3):1160–8.

López MAC, Alcántara OJG, Fontaneda I, Mañanes M. The Risk Factor of Age in Construction Accidents: Important at Present and Fundamental in the Future. Biomed Res Int. 2018;2018:1–11.

Huang L, Chang KY, Yeh YC. How can travel agencies create sustainable competitive advantages? Perspective on employee role stress and initiative behavior. Sustain. 2020;12(11).

Ebbers JJ, Wijnberg NM. Betwixt and between: Role conflict, role ambiguity and role definition in project-based dual-leadership structures. Hum Relations. 2017;70(11):1342–65.

Guimarães TA, Gomes AO, Correia PMAR, Oliveira I, Piazentin T. Conflitos e ambiguidades de papéis no trabalho de juízes: As percepções de juízes portugueses. Rev Adm Publica. 2017;51(6):927–46.

Alblihed M, Alzghaibi HA. The Impact of Job Stress, Role Ambiguity and Work–Life Imbalance on Turnover Intention during COVID-19: A Case Study of Frontline Health Workers in Saudi Arabia. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022;19(20).

Che H, Zeng S, You Q, Song Y, Guo J. A fault tree-based approach for aviation risk analysis considering mental workload overload. Eksploat i Niezawodn. 2021;23(4):646–58.

Arsintescu L, Chachad R, Gregory KB, Mulligan JB, Flynn-Evans EE. The relationship between workload, performance and fatigue in a short-haul airline. Chronobiol Int [Internet]. 2020;37(9–10):1492–4. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/07420528.2020.1804924

Feng T, Ren Y. Research on the impact of coal miners’ workload on unsafe behaviors. E3S Web Conf. 2021;245.

Alaminos-Torres A, Martínez-Álvarez JR, Martínez-Lorca M, López-Ejeda N, Marrodán Serrano MD. Fatigue, Work Overload, and Sleepiness in a Sample of Spanish Commercial Airline Pilots. Behav Sci (Basel). 2023;13(4).

Al-Ali T, Akour MM, Al-Masri E, Mizaghobian AAH, Ghaith S. Psychological Burnout among Professionals Working with!Children with Motor Disabilities. Psychol Russ State Art. 2021;14(1):69–85.

Elshaer NSM, Moustafa MSA, Aiad MW, Ramadan MIE. Job Stress and Burnout Syndrome among Critical Care Healthcare Workers. Alexandria J Med [Internet]. 2018;54(3):273–7. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajme.2017.06.004

Wu X, Li Y, Yao Y, Luo X, He X, Yin W. Development of construction workers job stress scale to study and the relationship between job stress and safety behavior: An empirical study in Beijing. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018;15(11):1–13.

Lv X, Wu X, Ci H, Liu Q, Yao Y. Empirical research on the influencing factors of the occupational stress for construction workers. IOP Conf Ser Earth Environ Sci. 2017;61(1):1–8.

Roh KR, Kim EB. An analysis of male and female managers’ responses to work stress: Focused on the case of South Korea. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021;18(21).

Zhang S, Wang J, Xie F, Yin D, Shi Y, Zhang M, et al. A cross-sectional study of job burnout, psychological attachment, and the career calling of Chinese doctors. BMC Health Serv Res. 2020;20(1):1–11.

How to Cite
Fitri, R. Y., & Budiyanto, T. (2023). What Is The Relationship Between Job Stress and Work fatigue Among Construction Workers? A Cross-Sectional Study. ARTERI : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, 4(4), 207-214. https://doi.org/10.37148/arteri.v4i4.298

Most read articles by the same author(s)