Hubungan Asap Rokok dengan Tingkat Kontrol Asma di Klinik Harum Melati Pringsewu
Bronchial asthma is a chronic disease that can affect in any ages in developed country. In 2016 there were 339,4 million people around the world got asthma. According to Basic Health research 2018, the prevalence of asthma in Indonesia was 2,4% of the population and Lampung province was the highest affected in the last 12 months. The level of asthma control is the extent to which the characteristics of asthma can be observed in patients with asthma and have been reduced or disappear with treatment. Uncontrolled asthma caused by various factors, for example is exposure of cigarette smoke. The study aim to find out the correlations between the exposure of cigarette smoke for the level of asthma control in patients with bronchial asthma at Harum Melati Clinic of Pringsewu on period of August 2018-August 2019. This analytic study used a retrospective approach. Total sampling technique used with sample of 308 medical records that meet the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. Data from this research analyzed by Spearman test. In this study, 83 (26.9%) subjects had uncontrolled asthma, 225 (73.1%) subjects having controlled asthma, and there are no asthma patients have well controlled asthma (0%). 152 (49.4%) subjects not exposed of cigarette smoke and 156 (50.6%) subjects exposed of cigarette smoke. There is a correlations between the exposure of cigarette smoke for the level of asthma control in patients with bronchial asthma at Harum Melati Clinic of Pringsewu on period of August 2018-August 2019.
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